21 December 2022

Exciting times ahead – Healthcare in Vietnam remains high on investors’ radar

Huong Trinh, BDA HCMC Team

A rapidly expanding middle class with increased health awareness post-pandemic will continue to fuel demand for higher standards in all aspects of healthcare in Vietnam, making the country a favorite investment destination. At BDA Partners, we have seen strong interest from both financial sponsors and strategic investors to gain exposure to the sector, and we believe that there remains an abundance of M&A opportunities across various healthcare verticals.

Healthcare services – Key M&A volume driver

Historically, transactions involving private hospitals and clinics have driven deal volume in Vietnam, and this theme is expected to persist given favorable market dynamics. Vietnam’s aging population with increased health awareness and growing income level have created unmet demands for high quality healthcare services. On the supply side, the issue of overcrowding at public hospitals in major cities persist. According to the General Statistics Office[1], Vietnam has 3.1 hospital beds per 1,000 population in 2021, below WHO’s recommended level (5 beds per 1,000 population). This supply-demand imbalance implies significant headroom for the expansion of private healthcare in Vietnam, supported by government policies such as Decision No.20/NQ-TW 2017[2], which sets the target for private hospital beds to account for 10% and 15% of the total number of hospital beds in 2025 and 2030, respectively. As a result, private hospitals and clinics will continue to generate significant interest, especially as patient volume is recovering to pre-pandemic level, while surgeries, complex procedures, and other high-value medical services have been reintroduced.

Notable trends

  • General hospitals attracting the most interest: The largest transaction in healthcare services in recent years was GIC’s US$204m investment in Vinmec in 2020. Other notable transactions include VinaCapital’s investment in Thu Cuc in 2020, Quadria Capital’s investment in FV Hospital in 2017, and Navis’s investment in Hanoi French Hospital in 2016. Both strategic and financial investors have been looking for sizable transactions involving private general hospitals in Vietnam, many of which boast strong profit margins, healthy cash flow, and high occupancy rates. Notably, assets in the upper-mid and premium segments with service quality comparable to international standards have the potential to capture demand from the growing number of Vietnamese patients who would otherwise be traveling abroad for treatment.
  • Growing emphasis on specialty assets: Regional healthcare platforms are looking for bolt-on acquisitions to add more specialties to their networks, following Heliconia’s investment in the ophthalmology network Mat Sai Gon and TPG’s investment in Hung Viet Oncology Hospital in 2019. Specialty clinics have also started to gain traction, as evidenced by the successful capital raises of Kim Dental from ABC World (a transaction in which BDA served as the exclusive financial advisor to Kim Dental) and Nhi Dong 315, a pediatrics and maternity chain, both of which having extensive, fast-growing networks of locations in HCMC.
  • New focus on Tier 2 / Tier 3 cities: Foreign investors have demonstrated increased appetite for assets outside major cities, as evidenced by CVC’s acquisition of a 60% stake in Phuong Chau, a network of four hospitals in the Mekong Delta region in 2022 and Kei Mei Kai’s acquisition of Binh Duong-based Hoan Hao Hospital in 2019. Vietnam’s rapid urbanization will create significant demand for high quality healthcare services in Tier 2 / Tier 3 cities, making hospitals / clinics in those regions compelling investment opportunities.
  • Appetite for healthcare platforms: Investors are on the hunt to scoop up scaled healthcare operators with multiple facilities in Vietnam, which are more attractive from a growth and profitability improvement perspective compared to single-location assets.

Pharmaceuticals – Favorable market conditions propelling strategic M&A partnerships

With no foreign ownership limit for pharmaceutical manufacturing, many local manufacturers have formed partnerships with foreign investors, with examples such as Taisho-DHG, Aska-Hataphar, SK-Imexpharm, and Daewoong-Traphaco. Per Decree No. 54/2017/ND-CP[3], foreign-invested entities cannot directly participate in pharmaceutical distribution in Vietnam, while still being able to distribute their locally produced products. This regulation makes investments in local manufacturers the most efficient way for foreign players to gain exposure to Vietnam’s pharmaceutical market, which is projected to reach US$16.1bn by 2026 per BMI Research[4].

Going forward, as a defensive sector, pharmaceuticals will receive strong interest amidst current global macroeconomic turbulence. The industry is set to benefit from the government’s strategy to promote domestic manufacturing, which aims to increase the share of locally produced pharmaceuticals to 80%[5], in a market historically dominated by imports. To boost competitiveness, local manufacturers will find M&A with foreign strategic investors as a viable strategic option, enabling them to meet global standards through transfers of technology, corporate governance, and management expertise. Meanwhile, investors are targeting manufacturers in Vietnam to capture local market potential and export opportunities through contract manufacturing partnerships.

Others – Emerging verticals with headroom for growth

Healthtech

The decrease in direct interaction due to the pandemic has brought healthtech into the spotlight, given increased demand for virtual healthcare services. Remote medical examinations and digitalization of medical records have been among the key focuses of the Vietnamese government. Meanwhile, in the private sector, healthtech startups serving various verticals of the market such as telehealth (JioHealth, Med247, eDoctor), third party administration (Insmart, South Asia Services), and e-pharmacy (Medici, POC Pharma) have recently successfully raised funding from foreign investors, highlighting the prospect of the nascent healthtech segment in Vietnam. However, healthtech is still trailing other tech-related sectors such as payment or e-commerce in investments and development progress, and there is still ample room for investors to participate in the value creation process.

Diagnostics

The diagnostics market in Vietnam is still highly fragmented, with most players in the market being mom-and-pop labs with limited scale, low volume, and outdated technology. Thus, companies that can create scalable, modern, and tech-enabled networks of diagnostic services to capture market share will appeal to investors as good anchor assets for the creation of pathology platforms, similar to what happened in regional markets such as India and China. In addition to clinical diagnostics, genetic testing has also appeared on investors’ radar, with companies such as Genetica and Gene Solutions having completed their early funding rounds and Gentis being acquired by Eurofins.   

Medical equipment

There are still few local manufacturers that meet international standards – more than 90 percent of medical equipment in Vietnam is imported, according to the Ministry of Health[6]. Nevertheless, the recent US$30m investment in 2022 by Eastbridge Partners in USM Healthcare, a local stent manufacturer, signifies that high quality assets in this space will still generate good traction. This sector will be an interesting one to watch, especially in the medical consumables segment (e.g., stents, sutures, etc.), which is more prevalent among local assets.

Looking ahead

From our recent interaction, healthcare regularly features among the key focuses of financial sponsors. Given favorable sector trends, financial sponsors are going to capitalize on and exit their investments, while also remaining as active investors due to accumulated dry powder and pent-up dealmaking demand after the pandemic. On the other hand, strategic investors will continue to closely monitor suitable opportunities to invest in synergistic assets in Vietnam. Investors with existing presence in Vietnam or in markets with similar levels of development will have an advantage through their deep understanding of market intricacies and strong operational know-how, to quickly integrate with potential targets.

In conclusion, we remain confident in the availability of M&A opportunities in Vietnam’s healthcare market going forward, especially now that Covid-related impacts that created valuation gaps and diligence challenges should no longer remain as obstacles. We look forward to a busy period ahead in 2023 with our ongoing live deals and strong pipeline of opportunities in the sector.


[1] https://www.gso.gov.vn/

[2] https://thuvienphapluat.vn/van-ban/The-thao-Y-te/Nghi-quyet-20-NQ-TW-2017-tang-cuong-cong-tac-bao-ve-cham-soc-nang-cao-suc-khoe-nhan-dan-365599.aspx

[3] https://thuvienphapluat.vn/van-ban/The-thao-Y-te/Decree-54-2017-ND-CP-guidelines-for-implementation-of-the-Law-on-Pharmacy-356336.aspx

[4] https://gmp.com.vn/thi-truong-duoc-pham-viet-nam-2021:-trien-vong-han-che-va-nhung-xu-huong-n.html

[5] https://vietnamnews.vn/economy/772550/support-for-domestic-pharmaceutical-industry-to-rise-in-viet-nam.html

[6] https://www.vietnam-briefing.com/news/vietnams-medical-devices-industry-opportunities-for-european-businesses.html/

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